The current revision of the EN15194: 2017 has now created a single European standard for electric bicycles that includes all components.
Electromotor assisted wheels, so-called EPAC Electric Power Assisted Cycles, are vehicles that are equipped with pedals and an electric auxiliary motor and are mainly used on the road.
The previous standard covered only the electrical part of the electric bikes in question. For the mechanical part, the manufacturers were referred to the standard ISO 4210 for conventional bicycles. The EN 15194: 2017 for electric assisted wheels EPAC now covers the complete electric bicycle. This change has been made because the mechanical part of an electric bicycle is subject to stricter requirements than a conventional bicycle.
What scope does the standard have?
Use on public roads for commercial and private purposes
electrical assistance only when pedaling
Max. Rated continuous power 250 W
Max. Support speed 25 km / h
Saddle height min. 635 mm
What is described in the standard?
Requirements and test methods
Behavior in case of malfunctions
Illumination of the bicycle according to StVO
Contents of the instructions
When purchasing an electric bike that complies with EN 15194: 2017, the buyer is assured that the electric drive and components meet the minimum requirements of the European standard and that the interaction of the components works.
Not included in the EN 15194: 2017 electric tricycles (exclusively for two-wheelers) and electric bicycles for hire at unmanned stations. By the end of April 2018, Member States must transpose the draft standard into national law.
Published on 05.01.2018
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Articles on Bike Europe (English)
Title (English): Cycles Electrically power assisted cycles EPAC Bicycles; English version EN 15194: 2009 + A1: 2011
DIN EN 15194: 2009 + A1: 2011 changes the DIN EN 15194: 2009-06, which contains requirements for electric motor assisted cycles (EPAC). Due to the limitation of the voltage to 48 V DC, there are no special requirements for EPACs with regard to protection against electrical hazards. This European Standard has been prepared in response to Europe-wide needs. The aim of the standard is the assessment of electric motor-assisted wheeled vehicles, which are excluded from the type approval according to directive 2002 / 24 / EG. EPACs are vehicles used in the same traffic areas as cars, trucks and motorcycles, mainly on the road. Chapter 8 of the 97 / 24 / EC directive contains a very high level for testing the electromagnetic compatibility of electronic components with 30 V / m, although this depends on the field of application and the application. Interference with EPAC's electronic equipment that interferes with off-highway use could pose a significant security risk for users of EPACs. EN 61000-6-1 and EN 61000-6-3 are the applicable standards for residential, commercial, and small-home appliances that do not meet the EMC requirements for road surface survey. EMC tests in accordance with these standards are only carried out with 3 V / m, ie 10% of the value specified in chapter 8 of the 97 / 24 / EC directive. These standards are unsuitable for achieving the mandatory level of safety. This European Standard is intended for use with electric motor-assisted wheeled vehicles with a maximum rated continuous power of 0,25 kW, whereby the power output is gradually reduced and finally switched off as soon as the vehicle reaches a speed of 25 km / h or before, when the driver adjusts the pedal drive. This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for evaluating the design and assembly of electric motor assisted bicycles and their assemblies for installations with a battery voltage up to 48 V DC or a built-in battery charger with a voltage input of 230 V. This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for motor power management systems, electrical circuits including the charging system, for the evaluation of the design and assembly of electric motor assisted wheels and their assemblies for systems with voltages up to and including 48 V DC or a built-in battery charger with a voltage input of 230 V fixed. DIN EN 15194 belongs to a series that deals with bicycles. European standards in this series are: DIN EN 14764, city and trekking bicycles, safety requirements and test methods DIN EN 14765, children's bicycles Safety requirements and test methods DIN EN 14766, mountain bikes Safety requirements and test methods DIN EN 14781, racing bicycles Safety requirements and test methods DIN EN 14872, bicycles Accessories for bicycles Porter DIN EN 15496, bicycles Requirements and test methods for bicycle locks DIN EN 15532, bicycles Terminology. This European Standard has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN / TC 333 Bicycles, the secretariat of which is held by UNI (Italy). The competent German committee is the working committee NA 112-06-01 AA bicycles for general and sporting use in the standards committee sports and leisure equipment (NASport) in DIN.
The following changes have been made to DIN EN 15194: 2009 06:
a) Circuit requirements have been changed;
b) requirements for checking the mode of starting assistance have been changed;
c) Requirements for testing the maximum speed with electromotive assistance has been changed.